KNOW YOUR 4x4: Beginners Tips

Howdy, this video is all about you, understanding your full drive, so if you have a new one or if you just started out for driving this video is for you. Subscribers welcome back first-time viewers, hi, I'm Ronnie from four-wheeling in Western Australia, calm the full drive and camping information website, helping you to get out there into the wilderness in the comfort of your own four-wheel, drive. Okay. So to kick off this video we're going to start with how to engage full drive in your vehicle. Now every vehicle is different and the best thing you can do is actually grab your owner's manual and read it because every vehicle is different from time to time. When we're out in a track, there's always someone who hasn't been off-road before or hasn't been offroad, often and then actually forgets how to engage his vehicle in the full drive. That'S pretty common, it's a lot more common than what you think. So as an example. This is my Land Cruiser manual in my vehicle. I can shift from second high to four high on the fly, while I'm driving at any speed. That'S what the manual says in the Jeep, for example, you can do the same thing as well, but in some vehicles it may require you to stop and then put it into full drive or to or drive. But the manual will tell you when you go to for low low range, so you got high range, you're low range. When you go to low range, most vehicles will need to be dead. Still, some vehicles will need to be in the neutral position, especially in automatics, but it's all different still. My vehicle can be still rolling at about eight kilometres an hour. That'S what the manual says. There'S a lot of different variants. You can't just take advice from your buddy who's in a different vehicle. Every vehicle has its own specific way. So read your manual before you go out and we'll save you a lot of trouble. So another thing you need to know about your vehicle as well. When you go to engage for drive, is, does it have manual locking hubs or automatic hubs? The difference is the manual hubs. You'Ve got to get out and you're going to lock them yourself with the auto hubs. You don't see the hub it's activated from inside the vehicle or by push button or by lever. In this case, if we were to put the Jeep in a forward drive with the this, one has a lever by the lever, it'll be in full drive, because the hubs lock automatically on my land cruiser. However, on this type of land cruiser 70 series. If I hop in and put the lever into full drive, full drive, high or full drive low, if I haven't locked the hubs, it's not in full drive, it's still in two-wheel drive, so you must get out and lock manual hubs and you don't have to unlock Them when you go back to tool drive another thing, you need to work out about your vehicle. Is it a part time for drive or a full time for drive? Let'S start with part time for drive. Part time for drive is like the Jeep and the Land Cruiser here. Basically, it's only a two wheel drive vehicle until you tell it to be a full drive vehicle by pressing a button or pushing the lever to get it into full drive. That'S a part time for draw a full size. Full drive is it's like an all-wheel drive all four wheels work in a system of like stability control. So what happens? Is it's safer on road now you'll find that the 200 series Land Cruiser? Has it and there's a few other vehicles, Land, Rover etc with those vehicles? If you take him off road without telling it to go into proper fall drive, you will still get bogged quite easily that won't be as capable until you put it into full drive. This is also known as locking the center diff. This thing that's worth working out wherever your vehicle has it or not, is traction aids like trash and control vehicle stability, ABS, stuff it up. If your vehicle has trash and control, you may want to turn it off in certain situations, because trash and control does not work offroad. So keep that in mind, because if you're stuck in a sin, you can't work out why just try and switch the traction control off and don't forget every time you turn your car off and turn it back on. You have to disengage it again because it's part of your safety system in the vehicle. However, if you do put it in low range, most vehicles should turn it off and in the case of this Jeep, it works in the background and it works really well. Actually. So it turns into a secret weapon for them other things in my land cruiser I'm lucky to have front and rear differential lockers. Now, if you're not sure differential lockers are there is a link in the description below that'll. Tell you all about differential lockers now, if your vehicle does happen to have differential lockers, they are a secret weapon when used in the correct way again grab your manual and have a look. It will explain a lot to you in theirs or how to use them. How to engage them and how to turn them off important thing to know about your vehicle is where your air intake is now on mine. I have a snorkel, so it doesn't really worry me. I can go to water up to here, but on a on a stock vehicle or a vehicle that doesn't have a raise there and take or anything it could be quite low. So you need to work out where that is before you go into any water, and I would stay out of water until you know where it is really. Another thing that's worthy of finding out is getting on your vehicle and finding out where your diff breathers are, and you transfer case any gearbox, normally they're only about this much above from where they actually pop out. What you want to do is extend them if you're going to go through deeper water, but what I'm saying is just work out where they are so you know how deep of water you can go through before, possibly sucking in water into your diff, gearbox transfer case, Etc, because you don't want water in there, it will start corrosion, explain angles of your vehicle, I'm not about Elvis or fight. This is going to be my measuring stick so to speak. There are angles on your vehicle. The front of your vehicle is called approach. Angle. Then you have the middle of the vehicle ramp over angle and then you have the back angle, which is departure angle. What you do is to work out your angle. You draw a line from the front of your ties across and then you find a lowest point at the very front at your vehicle and then you stick your stick to the line to the lowest point. That'S your angle, you're not going to walk around with a stick out in the bush and go oh. I have a approached angle of 40 degrees. I'M going to get my angle out and measure that rock you're not going to do that. That'S just silly! What you're going to do is, though, you're going to get a rough idea of your approach angle. The idea is so you don't have to get out of your vehicle and check every single time. The first couple of times you probably still will anyway because you'll be a bit worried, but it's there. So you get a rough idea of your angle and also you can check your angle versus another vehicle. Who'S just done the same thing, and then you can get an idea if you're going to make the obstacle the same way, he did or not that's another good reason to use a stick. Okay, so ramp angle, that's the middle of your vehicle. So, basically, it's aligned from both wheels up to the last point of you're over your car, the ramp of angle. In all honesty, if you put sticks there and have a look you're still not really going to work out exactly where it is you're just going to get out there and give it a go and when he, when you do go over big mounds, just do it Slow have a spotter and then, after a while, you realize how much you can push your vehicle with the ramp angle. To this day, I still I still hit my drive shaft in the middle every now and then because I get it wrong and of course, the departure angle same thing line across the back of your tires. I don't one that before and there you go, you can see it's a big difference from the on my vehicle. That'S because I have a tray back now, tray back, Utes or pickups. Don'T have the most forgiving departure angle just be mindful, though, approach angle, you go up something. It doesn't mean that your arson isn't going to drag as well. So just be mindful of that, you usually the last point will be the diff in my case. Is a death, but at the back it's the rear leaf spring. Now you can see on my vehicle. The death is to this side. A lot of them have them in the middle. However, mine is on that side, so I've memorized, where that is so. If I come up to a boulder, that's you know that's going to hit my deaf, even though I have a protection plate on it. I will then know that I've got to shift across that way to put the rock about here or drive over a rock with my tire to avoid hitting my death, and the same goes for the back now most vehicles with a diff. That'S not yet that's off-center. Most of them will have it the same on the front and rear, but not all of them so be mindful of that too. Now this is solid axle vehicle so, on an independent front, suspension vehicle, the diff, those gifts are always in the middle and they're up higher thanks for watching. I hope you learn some good points and don't forget if you're unsure about anything in your vehicle, your user manual is your best friend. Speaking of best friends, go check out our website. It'S jam-packed load it with free full drive and camping information good for beginners to advanced so do check that out. Also, you can stay updated with all of our videos. If you subscribe right here every time we upload a new video it'll, go straight to you and we already have heaps there so go check him out. Thanks for watching, take care out in the tracks and trails, and I might catch you out, there see ya